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Editorial Style Guide - T

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T. Paul Bulmahn Research & Trading Lab

The 1,600-square-foot computer lab in McCoy Hall used by business students to experience real trading and investing. It was funded by a $1.5 million donation by alumnus T. Paul Bulmahn, chairman and president of ATP Oil & Gas Corp.

teachers college

No apostrophe is needed in "teachers" in this usage because there is no possessive meaning.

telephone numbers

Separate each series of numbers with a period: 555.555.5555. (This is a deviation from AP style.) Do not use “1” before long-distance or toll-free numbers: 800.555.5555.

Tennis Complex

This facility is home to Texas State's varsity women's tennis team and is located on Sessom Drive across from the J.C. Kellam Administration building.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

TOEFL is acceptable on second reference.

Testing, Research-Support, and Evaluation Center (TREC)

Write out the full name of the center on first reference. Use TREC on subsequent references without "the" before the letters: TREC is a center that administers tests and maintains information on the credity by examinations, institutional and other examinations. In materials with a student audience, on first reference use "Testing Center (Testing, Research-Support, and Evaluation Center "TREC")" and then just "Testing Center" on subsequent references. When citing the center's location in an address or other listing, use "Commons Hall, First Floor."

Texas Mathworks

A program that develops model programs, including summer math camps, to engage K-12 students in high-level mathematics.

Texas State University

The  name of the university since September 2003. "San Marcos" was dropped from the university's name in 2013. Use Texas State University on first reference and either Texas State University or Texas State on subsequent references (one or the other used consistently within your document). Never use TSU or TxSt.

Texas State University System Board of Regents, The

See Board of Regents.

New Thanksgiving break

Capitalize only Thanksgiving.

that, which

“That” is used to introduce an essential clause (one that cannot be eliminated without changing the meaning): This is the restaurant that I told you about. Use “which” to introduce a nonessential clause: We ate at the new restaurant, which had received a good review in the newspaper. An essential clause must not be set off from the rest of the sentence by commas; a nonessential clause must.

that, who

Use “that” when referring to inanimate objects or animals. Use “who” when referring to people.


Either spelling is acceptable, but use of one or the other should be consistent throughout your document or suite of documents. In formal names, take care to use the spelling used by the entity: Texas State’s Department of Theatre and Dance; the Glade Theatre; Theatre Center; but LBJ Student Center Teaching Theater and Alkek Teaching Theater.

Theatre Center

This building, easily recognized for its drum shape, is located on Moon Street. It houses several classrooms, lecture/recital teaching theatres, a studio theatre, a full costume and scene shop, and a main theatre.


a.m. and p.m. are used lowercase with periods in both lists and sentences. Do not use :00 for times on the hour. Examples: 5 p.m. or 5:30 a.m. To avoid confusion, use noon and midnight instead of 12 p.m. and 12 a.m. Do not use 12 noon or 12 midnight. See also a.m., p.m.


  • The university’s style for titles follows that of the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition. In general, capitalize a formal title used directly before a name. Lowercase and use commas to set off a title following a name. Lowercase and spell out titles when not used with names. Do not capitalize job titles such as officer, assistant or accountant when used before a name.
  • In formal contexts as opposed to running text, such as a displayed list of names and titles in an annual report, titles are usually capitalized even when following a name. Exceptions may also be called for in promotional or other contexts for reasons of courtesy or politics, as long as capitalization is handled consistently within a document or suite of documents. A title used alone, in place of a personal name, is capitalized only in such contexts as a toast or a formal introduction, or when used in direct address.
  • Compositions: Titles of books, journals, magazines, newspapers, brochures, movies, paintings, sculptures, plays, record albums, operas and other freestanding or long musical works are italicized. Titles of short stories, articles, chapters, poems, songs and other shorter works as well as radio and television shows are enclosed in quotation marks, not italicized. When newspapers and periodicals are mentioned in text, an initial “the,” even if part of the official title, is lowercased unless it begins a sentence and not italicized. See also capitalization.
  • Legislative: Capitalize and spell out governor, senator and representative when used before a name (Governor Joe Smith) for most purposes, including letters and advertisements; abbreviating to Gov., Sen. and Rep. according to AP style is acceptable in a news article. Just be consistent throughout your document or publication. Do not use legislative titles before a name on second reference unless part of a direct quotation.
  • Occupational: Titles of persons holding offices such as those listed below are rarely used before names as part of the names, often because of their length. Preferred usage is to lowercase occupational titles and use commas to set them off following names. Note the capitalization and format of the following examples:
    • the vice president; Sue Jones, vice president for Finance and Support Services
    • the associate vice president; John Williams, associate vice president for Enrollment Management and Marketing
    • the director; Jane Smith, director of the Office of University Marketing
    • the registrar; Jim Williams, registrar
    • the chief executive officer; John Doe, the chief operating officer of XYZ Corporation
  • Social: Social titles such as Mr., Mrs., Ms. and Dr. may be omitted in most contexts with no loss of respect. When an academic degree or professional designation follows a name, social titles are always omitted. When used, social titles are always abbreviated, whether preceding a full name or surname only.


TOEFL is acceptable on second reference for the Test of English as a Foreign Language.

toward, forward, backward, afterward

No final “s” is needed.


Texas State Intensive English language program. Spell out on first reference and use TSIE on second and subsequent references.


Use “Texas resident” or “nonresident” to describe these types of tuition rates at Texas State.

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